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Titanium Surface Analysis after Instrumentation with Different Burs Simulating the Implantoplasty Technique: A Pilot In Vitro Experimental Study

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Título :
Titanium Surface Analysis after Instrumentation with Different Burs Simulating the Implantoplasty Technique: A Pilot In Vitro Experimental Study
Autor :
Gehrke, Sergio  
Dedavid, Berenice Anina  
Odella Colla, Germán
De Aza, Piedad  
Pérez-Díaz, Leticia  
Fecha de publicación:
Resumen :
Background: The present pilot in vitro study evaluated, physically and biologically, the effects produced by the wear of the titanium surface using different drill models. (2) Methods: Titanium disks were subjected to wear using four different burs and accordingly divided into the following test groups (n = 12 disks per group): Tungsten Burs (TB group), Tungsten Carbide Burs (TCB group), Coarse-Grained Diamond Burs (CGB group), and Fine-Grained Diamond Burs (FGB group). As a control group (CON group), titanium disks with a smooth surface (machined) were used. The samples were subjected to atomic force microscopy (AFM), profilometry analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and cell viability and adhesion assessments. (3) Results: The values of the measured roughness parameters showed statistical differences among the five groups (p = 0.0035 for Ra and p = 0.0010 for Rz). All test groups showed an important difference statistically (p = 0.0032) to the CON group for the cell viability and adhesion analysis. The data of cell absorbance at 570 nm were 0.4122 0.05 for the CON group, 0.1354 0.02 for the TB group, 0.123 0.01 for the TCB group, 0.1414 0.02 for the CGB group, and 0.1216 0.03 for the FGB group. Additionally, the cell count showed the following adherence percentages: 57.6 4.6% for the CON group, 22.9 3.3% for the TB group, 23.4 2.9% for the TCB group, 22.5 3.1% for the CGB group, and 23.7 3.3% for the FGB group. However, no statistical differences were found among the four test groups analyzed (p = 0.3916). (4) Conclusions: The results showed that the changes produced on the surface by the four different bur models altered the topography characteristics and affected the cell viability and adhesion in comparison with the control group
Palabras clave/Materias:
titanium surface; implantoplasty; cell viability and adhesion; peri-implantitis; titanium instrumentation; fibroblast cells
cell viability and adhesion
titanium instrumentation
fibroblast cells
Área de conocimiento :
CDU: Ciencias aplicadas: Ingeniería. Tecnología
Tipo documento :
Derechos de acceso:
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional
Aparece en las colecciones:
Instituto de Bioingeniería

Creative Commons La licencia se describe como: Atribución-NonComercial-NoDerivada 4.0 Internacional.