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Valorization of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) pruning biomass by cocomposting with urban and agri-food sludge


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Valorization of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) pruning biomass by cocomposting with urban and agri-food sludge
Vico López, Alberto  
Pérez Murcia, Mª Dolores  
Bustamante, Maria Angeles  
Agulló Ruiz, Enrique  
Marhuenda-Egea, Frutos Carlos  
Sáez Tovar, Jose Antonio  
Paredes, Concepcion  
Perez Espinosa, Aurelia  
Moral, Raul  
Departamentos de la UMH::Agroquímica y Medio Ambiente
Issue Date:
In the Mediterranean countries, there is an increasing production of date palm wastes (Phoenix dactylifera L.), not only due to the raising production of date palm fruits, but also derived from the maintenance of urban and periurban green areas, especially in those affected by red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus). The management of this increasing volume of green wastes usually concludes with a controlled disposal that implies an important loss of resources, in terms of organic matter, nutrients and energy. In addition, the rise of wastewater generation and the incentive of the wastewater treatment processes have derived in an increase of the amount of the sludge produced, which makes difficult its management. This work studies the feasibility of co-composting palm wastes with sludge from the urban and agri-food sectors as alternative treatment to manage these organic waste streams and to obtain added-value compost. For this, four mixtures (P1, P2, P3 and P4) were prepared using as main component palm leave waste (PL) mixed with different types of sludge. In the piles P1, P2 and P3, sewage sludge (SS) was used as co-composting agent, while agri-food sludge (AS) was used in P4. Throughout composting, the thermal profile of the composting piles was assessed, as were physical, chemical, physico-chemical and maturity parameters. In addition, the changes in water-soluble organic matter were assessed using chemical analytical methods and the excitation–emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy. The results obtained showed the viability of the co-composting process to obtain end-products with adequate maturity degree and physical characteristics for their potential use as substrates, except for the salt contents that can limit their use in some agricultural sectors.
Palm residues
Sewage sludge
EEM fluorescence
Economic value
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional
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Artículos Agroquímica y Medio Ambiente

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